From the heart-warming Christmas traditions to the grand celebrations of New Year’s Eve, the poinsettia is a centrepiece that effortlessly captures the essence of joy and togetherness.
Most people think of placing poinsettia outdoors to elevate the beauty of holiday celebrations. But that brings us to the question: can poinsettias be left outside in the cold?
Poinsettia plants can be damaged if the temperature falls below 50, according to the University of Minnesota. In addition, the report also mentions that freezing temperatures can actually kill this beautiful plant.
Ideal Temperature to Grow Poinsettias
Poinsettia is a tropical plant and does well when the temperature is 65-75 F. As mentioned already, this plant is intolerant towards cold.
Even the potted poinsettias should be kept away from the spots where temperature fluctuates—for instance, cold drafts, heat ducts, space heaters and firewood.
The best place to keep poinsettias is an east or west-facing window that gets an ample amount of bright light for at least 4 hours.
I need not mention the importance of light for green foliage. But, those who are looking for red blooms should calculatedly exclude light exposure and, at the same time, keep the plant healthy.
Can Poinsettias Be Left Outside in the Cold?
No, potted poinsettias can’t be left outside in winter.
However, to elevate your holiday celebration during the daytime, you can bring the potted poinsettias outside for a few hours. But, ensure the temperature is above 55F.
Interestingly, you can plant poinsettias in the garden when the danger of frost has gone. You need to check your hardiness before planting it in the garden.
Poinsettias are extensively used to decorate Christmas and New Year celebrations. Its vibrant coloured red bracts that resemble flowers can elevate the ambience of your holiday.
Native to Mexico, it was first brought to the United States in the late 1820s by Joel Robert Poinsett. Thus, the plant got its name from this U.S. ambassador for Mexico.
Though poinsettia is said to be toxic, there is no strong proof to back its toxicity. Thus, it is declared safe for humans and pets. But, the sap of poinsettia can cause dermatitis or skin infection.
Poinsettias Cold Tolerance
Native to Mexican and Guatemala habitats, Poinsettias can produce vibrant foliage when the temperature is mild, between 65-75F, as mentioned above.
If you keep the poinsettia plant outside when the temperature is below 50F, then its attractive foliage starts to wilt and fall off from the plant.
However, you can fix poinsettias if the exposure to cold is confined to a limited time. Prolonged exposure can often kill the patient.
In USDA zones 9 to 11, where winters are mild. You can leave poinsettias outside during the daytime to expose them to sunlight.
Even in such regions, you should be aware that the night temperature doesn’t drop below 50F.
Continuous exposure to cold temperatures can result in a drop in leaves, and the root system can be damaged completely.
Do Poinsettias Survive in the Cold?
Poinsettia plants can’t survive if the temperature drops below 50F.
However, if winter in your region is mild, then you can keep poinsettias outdoors in the daytime and bring them back indoors at night.
In regions where the temperature is near freezing, you should ensure the room temperature is maintained above 65F for optimal growth.
How do we keep Poinsettias alive outside?
You can grow poinsettias in the garden if the temperature is above 65F.
To keep the plant alive, you should choose a spot where it gets bright sunlight, and the danger of frost has passed.
In regions with mild winters, you can cover the plant with mulch to protect the root system from cold.
You can also grow these plants in a greenhouse, but you should be aware of the skills and care it requires to maintain poinsettias.
How do you revive a cold poinsettia plant?
Depending on how long you have left this Mexican native plant outdoors or in a car, you can be able to save cold-damaged poinsettias.
If your poinsettia plant is exposed to cold weather for a limited time, then you might notice a dropping of leaves.
- To revive, relocate the poinsettias indoors where the temperature consistently is above 65F.
- Cut dead or yellow leaves and locate the poinsettia pot towards the east. So that it can get bright sunlight.
- Don’t put the plant near the radiator or heater.
- Keep the soil moist and add balanced fertilizer so the plant gets the required amount of boost to revive itself.
- Also, ensure the plant is kept in the dark for 14 hours.
How to protect poinsettias from frost?
The best way to save poinsettia plants from frost is to relocate them indoors.
There is no way you can place poinsettias in frost and revive them.
As mentioned, cold temperatures below 50F can damage leaves and root systems.
How to Take Care of Potted Poinsettias Outdoors?
The best time to plant poinsettias is in early or mid-spring when the danger of the last frost has passed.
The container should have a drainage hole to remove excess water and fill it with well-drained, organic-rich soil.
You can add peat moss and old compost along with potting soil mix to ensure the soil retains the required moisture and drains excess water.
While watering, check the soil for moisture—water poinsettias only when the top 2 inches of the soil surface is dry.
Poinsettia plants need 4-6 hours of bright indirect sunlight. To be able to bloom, poinsettias must be kept in the dark for 15 hours continuously.
Maintain an ideal temperature between 65 and 75F for healthy poinsettia plants.
Fertilize the poinsettia plant in spring, when the plant leaves start to emerge. Use balanced fertilizer to encourage the ideal growth of this plant.
Pruning is essential for new growth. To promote bushier growth, pinch off the tip of poinsettia plants.
Also, remove dead yellow leaves so that the energy produced can be used to form new foliage.
You can’t leave potted poinsettias outside in the cold.
Keep it indoors, where the temperature can be maintained above 65F.
In some regions, where the winter isn’t harsh, you can keep poinsettia plants outside in the daytime. But, ensure you bring it back at night.
You can grow poinsettias in the greenhouse, but it can exceed your gardening budget.
Comparatively, growing poinsettias indoors is easy and safe.
So, this Christmas, prepare yourself to protect this Christmas star (Euphorbia pulcherrima) from the cold.