How Often Do You Water Potato Plants?

Potatoes are an excellent addition to any meal. One can cook them in so many different ways ranging from types that can help lose weight and gain it. 

Potatoes can be fried, grilled, mashed, boiled, steamed; the list goes on and on! Another significant fact is that growing potato plants is not a very difficult task. You can quickly grow them in your homes and enjoy fresh potatoes.

In this article, we’ll answer all your potato farming questions, including the often-repeated question of -“how often do you water potatoes.” There are particular tips for taking care of your potato plants at the end.

How Often Should You Water Potatoes?

The water needs of potato plants grown in grow bags are the same as potato plants grown with any other method. Find detailed information below. 

You can use the methods mentioned above to plant potatoes at home. Depending on the area available, your harvest goals, and your budget, you can choose any way and work with it.

  • To ensure that the potato plants are healthy and nourished, a regular watering schedule is necessary. Consistent and even moisture is a quintessential requirement of potatoes.

The watering demands of the plant will depend on its growing phase. Remember, both too much and too little water are dangerous for the plant. 

Too much water can cause water logging and 14, and on the other hand, too little water can affect the development of the plant. If extended amounts of water are given in the early stages of development, the potato plants might not grow properly and become misshapen.

  • The rule is to water the plant 1 to 2 inches of water a week. Water is to be given so that the soil stays moist and not wet. Do not saturate the plant with water.
  • Watering a young potato plant every 4-5 days is ideal and will ensure that the soil stays moist. Once the tubers form, increase the frequency to once every 2-3 days. Watering regularly keeps the soil cool.
  • Therefore start with watering the plant once 4-5 days and increase the frequency to once every 2-3 days when the tubers form and flowers bloom.

Also Read: How to Store Potatoes After Harvest?

How often should you water potatoes in containers?

Water potatoes in containers once every three days during the early stage and then once every two day after the tubers sprout.

When and Where to Grow Potatoes 

Potatoes can be quickly grown to have a bountiful harvest in home gardens. While potatoes can survive in somewhat cold climates, they thrive in warm environments.

As soon as winter recedes, the frost melts, and spring arrives, You can plant potato seeds. Potato is a tuber or an underground storage stem with more than 100 varieties available worldwide.

It is best to grow potatoes in a place that receives strong sunshine. One can produce potatoes at home in several ways, but all involve good sunlight.

The potato growing season will depend on the climate your country experiences. In cool-weather climates, You should plant potatoes after the last frost date. Remember, frost is deadly for potatoes.

In warm-climate countries with hot summers and mild winters, potatoes should be planted during late summer when the weather starts to cool down.

Also Read: How to: Growing Perpetual Spinach?

How to grow potatoes at home?

There are several different ways to plant potatoes in the comfort of your home. Depending on the abundant sunshine area available and your budget, you can choose one of the following methods

Hilled rows

The cheapest way to grow potatoes at home is to use hilled rows. First, till the soil to prepare the area available, dig straight and shallow trenches two to three feet apart. 

Plant potato seeds 12 inches apart and covers three inches of soil. When the shoots reach ten to twelve inches of height, use a shovel, scoop the earth from between the rows, and mound it next to the plants. 

Making hilled rows is a simple, inexpensive way to grow potatoes as it doesn’t require buying new materials or spending money on creating a home garden. Instead, available soil can be tilled and prepared to plant potatoes.

Straw mulch

Another easy method of growing potatoes is using straw mulch. This method requires no digging and little human resources.

Place The Russian is on the surface of the prepared soil and space 3 to 4 inches apart. Now cover them with seedless straw mulch.

As the plants grow, mound more straw around them; eventually, it will create a crater a foot in depth. Straw mulch conserves moisture and smothers weeds, effectively negating insecticides and ensuring organic produce. However, the crop is less than that of hilled rows.

Raised beds

Raised beds are infamous for giving a very high yield of crops. For example, plant potatoes in raised beds, loosen the soil at the bottom, approach potato seeds 12 inches apart, and then bury them three inches deep.

As the potatoes grow, add more soil till the bed is filled. This method produces high yields. Raised beds are an excellent choice for ground that is heavily drained. 

Wood boxes

Wooden boxes can be made at home from some lumber and further used as raised beds. It also has good yields and is an excellent choice for an area with poor-quality soil. 

Grow bags

Crop grow bags are widely available commercially. Just add some soil compost in the bottom and plant three to four seeds in each pack; cover three inches of soil.

Add soil as the plants grow till the bag is full. Then, to harvest, tip the bag to the side. These bags are reusable and last for several growing seasons. 

Grow bags are inexpensive and work well. They take little space, and the results are fantastic.

How Long Do Potatoes Take to Grow?

The time to maturity of potato plants depends on their variety. Early-season varieties take approximately 70 to 90 days, while mid-season types take 90-135 days and late-season sorts take 90 to 135 days.

Depending on the climate you live in, choose a variety; for instance, if you live in a cold environment, choose an early-season type as you do not have much time to harvest it.

The time between the arrival of spring and the next snow should be a guiding light when you have to harvest potatoes.

Step-by-Step Guide: How to Grow & harvest potatoes?

Here is an easy and beginner-friendly guide to planting and harvesting potatoes.

#1 Seed potatoes

Potatoes are grown vegetatively, and thus one needs to buy seed potatoes on which new sprouts will grow. Next, look for potatoes covered in “eyes,” which will sprout into full-grown plants.

#2 Preparation

Take your seed potatoes and place them in an excellent, sunny spot two weeks before planting them; this encourages sprouting.

#3 Cut them

Cut your seed potatoes into pieces (two days before planting); ensure that the size is not too small nor too big. Make sure that each piece has at least two sprouts.

#4 Choose your potato bed

Please choose the method you will use to plant potatoes: a raised bed, grow bags, or small hills. Choose a place that has plenty of sunlight.

The soil should be well-drained and slightly acidic, with a pH of 4.8-5.2. Dig shallow trenches that are long enough to plant potatoes in. Choose organic material and keep space for planting seeds eight inches apart.

#5 Plant your seed potatoes

Plant seed potatoes in trenches dug with sprouts facing upwards. Cover them lightly with soil; do not press down.

#6 Water

Provide one to two inches of water every week to the plants and maintain even moisture: water the entire area evenly so that the potatoes don’t crack or become misshapen.

#7 Sprinkling soil

You must keep potato tubers under the soil to ensure proper growth; thus, lightly sprinkle the soil on the growing tubers periodically to keep them under it.

#8 Keep them pest disease-free

Several bugs, pests, and beetles can attack your potato plants; they can spoil your harvest by riddling it with disease or killing the plants.

Regularly check on your plants and put neem-insecticide if you see any pests. You can also nourish plants with compost tea and make sure that the pH isn’t above 5.